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Why is benzene molecule non polar whereas chlorobenzene is polar? Give reason.

In benzene molecule, carbon and carbon bond can't have polarity because there is not any electronegativity difference and the carbon hydrogen is also not much polar because the electronegativity difference is almost zero and also the small pull due to small difference in Electronegativity is balanced due to even pull from all directions.

In chlorobenzene the electronegativity difference between carbon and chlorine is very high so, it is polar.


(to compare polarity first check electronegativity difference and than the structure of the compound )