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Motion in Vertical Circle

 sanjiv %282%29



↪ Suppose an object of mass m tied at one end of a string is whirling in a vertical circle of radius r and center O.
↪ The object is moving with a uniform velocity v. 

⁕ Object at point A
↪ When the object arrives at point A, its weight mg and the tension TA in the string act in the opposite direction.
↪ Therefore the force toward the center O is

↪ This is a maximum tension in the string.
↪ Thus tension is a maximum when the object is at the lowest point of the vertical circle.

⁕ Object at point B or B'
↪ When the object arrives at point B or at point B', its weight mg acts at right angles to the tension TB or TB' in the string.
↪ Therefore the force toward the center O is

↪ Thus the centripetal force is equal to the tension in the string.

⁕ Object at point C 
↪ When the object arrives at point C, its weight mg and the tension TC both act in the same direction toward the center.
↪ Therefore the force toward the center O is

↪ This is a minimum tension in the string.
↪ Thus tension is a minimum when the object is at the highest point of the vertical circle.