"I Have a Dream" is a public speech that was delivered by American civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom on August 28, 1963, in which he called for civil and economic rights and an end to racism in the United States.
- The Emancipation Proclamation, or Proclamation 95
- Presidential proclamation and executive order issued by United States President Abraham Lincoln
- On September 22, 1862, during the Civil War.
- Civil War, enslaved people in the Confederate States of America declared "free”.
- On January 1, 1863, the Proclamation changed the legal status under federal law of more than 3.5 million enslaved African Americans in the secessionist Confederate states from enslaved to free.
- Bad Check
- Quick sands of Racial Injustice to the Solid Rock of Brotherhood
- Rise to the Majestic Heights of Physical Force with Soul Force
- Marvelous new militancy which has engulfed the Negro Community not lead us to the distrust of all white people.
Analogy of Bad Check:
Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check: a check which has come back marked “insufficient funds”.
- Here King compares the justice being treated as a bad check that gets bounced.
- But the Negro People refuses to accept that the bank of justice is bankrupt.
- They believe that they can cash the check, that will give them a riches of freedom and security of justice.
- Bad Check – False Promises by Architects of American Constitution
Quick Sands of Racial Injustice to the Solid Rock of Brotherhood:
- King compares racial injustice with the quicksands and brotherhood with the solid rock.
- He means to say that now racial injustice is like a quicksand in a sense that it can stay more for a long time same as the way a quicksand cannot stay in our hands for a period of time but falls down frequently.
- But the feeling of Brotherhood would stay for generations to generations like a solid rock that could sustain in any circumstances for hundreds of years.
Rise to the Majestic Heights of Physical Force with the Soul Force:
- This means that the army of Soul Force (i.e., Phycological Force) should come together with the army of Physical Force (i.e., Physical Force).
- This means that the physical and soul forces act as a two side of a coin in the way to achieve the goal.
- King Jr. provided a new meaning to the word militancy being defined by the army of Soul Force without arms and ammunitions.
Marvelous new militancy which has engulfed the Negro Community must not lead us to the distrust of all white people:
- By the presence of many white people at the speech, it can be evidenced that their destiny is same as that of the Negro People.
- To root up racial injustice not only from the physical practice but also from the mentality of all people, it is necessary that the blacks and the whites move forward together.
- If both black and the white people unite together against racial injustice then one day will come when the sons of the blacks will shake hand with the sons of the whites and they sit on the same table together and the dream of the Negro Community will come true.
- So this new militancy should not lead them to the distrust of all white people.
Purpose of the Speech:
- To get the black people their rights of freedom, equality, and justice avoiding racial injustice based on the color of skin.
- Provide a message that all people are created equal.
- It directly addresses the persistent degradation of many black people, who continued to live in dire poverty.
- Highlight the ways in which America persistently failed to live up to its promises.
- The speech I have a Dream by Martin Luther King is regarded as an unforgettable and memorable speech in the history of American human rights.
- “I have a dream” is a historical speech delivered by Martin Luther King Jr. who is renowned all over the world for his policy of passive resistance and oratorical skills.
- To listen to this speech, 200+ thousand black and white people gathered.