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- by ..S̘͖͚̱͈̟̖̣ͩͨ̅͑̑͋͆a̸̢̙̙̗̬̳̳ͩͥͨ̔͋m̸̖̼̹̦͍̙͕̝̬̭̳͠ͅi̥̦͉̟͖͙̪̳͎̟̜̳͎ͪ̽ͣ̉̾̋ͥ̎́̐ͫ̌͘͟r̸̙̥̜̺̼̱̩͍͉͙͕̍̐ͮ̏̒.. about 1 year ago

Consider a moving unit positive charge is placed in a magnetic field B with charge +q moving with velocity v making angle θ with the magnetic field.

Here, the charge experiences a force that is perpendicular to the plane of B and v. Experimentally it is found that magnitude of magnetic force F is:

- directly proportional to the magnitude of the charge

F ∝ q - directly proportional to the velocity of the charge

F ∝ v - directly proprtional to strength of magnetic field

F ∝ B - directly proportional to sine of angle between v and B

F ∝ sinθ

Combining above equations, we get

F ∝ qvBsinθ

or, F = kqvBsinθ

where, k is proportionality constant and its value is 1 in SI - units. So, we have force,

F = qvBsinθ

In vector form,

The force is perpendicular toand. This force is called Lorentz magnetic force. We see that F is perpendicular to the plane containing v and B.

Since F acts perpendicular to v and B, so F is a deflecting force. It doesn't change the magnitude of v, but change the direction of motion of the charge when it enters the field B. Since F is perpendicular to displacement of charge, no work is done by F. So, no energy is gained by the charge when it enters the field B and F acts on it.

Reference taken from ' Principle of Physics' - Ayam Publication

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