The Fabaceae or Leguminosae, commonly known as the legume, pea, or bean family, are a large and economically important family of flowering plants.
DISTRIBUTION: Cosmopolitan in distribution, except in artic region. This subfamily consists of 425 genera and 12150 species.
HABITAT: Terrestrial, wild or cultivated for pulses and oil.
HABIT: Annual or perennial herbs, climbers (Lathyrus), shrubs(Sesbania) ,or trees(Dalbergia)
ROOT: Tap root with nodulated, root nodules consisting of symbiotically associated nitrogen fixing bacteria Rhizobium
STEM: Aerial, erect, climbers supported by tendrils (Pisum), branched, cylindrical or quadrangular (Vicia faba) , herbaceous or woody (Dalbergia) , solid ,fistular (Vicia faba)
, glabrous or pubescent.
LEAF: Cauline and ramal , alternate or opposite or whorl , stipulate (foliaceous stipule ), petiolate , pulvinous petiole (Glycine max) , simple ,pinnately or palmately compound lead, entire acute or mucronate, glabrous, green or glaucous, unicostate, reticulate venation.
INFLORESCENCE: Racemose, receme or panicle or spike or solitaryFLOWER: bracteate or ebracteate, ebractiolate, pedicellate, complete, zygomorphic, hermaphrodite, pentamerous, papilionaceous, hypogynous or perigynous, white or pink in colour