⁕ Introduction to Oxygen
↪ Greek, Oxys - Sour, genas - produce: Acid Producer
|Atomic mass||16 amu|
1s2 2s2 2p4
↪ English chemist Joseph Priestly detected oxygen in 1774 as a nonmetallic element.
↪ Oxygen is the most abundant element and it is about 47% by mass on the earth crust in the form of oxides and oxysalts.
↪ It occurs 23% by weight in free molecular form in air and about 86% by weight in combined form on oceans.
↪ Natural oxygen is a mixture of three isotopes:
16O(99.76%), 17O(0.04%) and 18O(0.2%).
↪ Oxygen is the most essential for life and it supports respiration.
⁕ Position of Oxygen in Periodic table
↪ Oxygen is a nonmetallic element having atomic number 8 and mass number 16.
↪ Its electronic configuration is: 1s2 2s2 2p4.
↪ The elements sulphur, selenium, tellurium and polonium also have general valence shell electronic configuration ns2 np4 and all of them belongs to group VIA.
↪ All these elements are collectively called chalcogens (ore forming) because metal occur in nature as the ores of oxides, sulphides, selenides and tellurides.
↪ Oxygen is the representative element of this family.
⁕ Electronic configuration and some properties of group VIA elements are given below:
|Element||Atomic Number||Electronic Configuration||I.P. (ev)||E.N.|
|O||8||[He] 2s2 2p4||13.6||3.5|
|S||16||[Ne] 3s2 3p4||10.35||2.5|
|Se||34||[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p4||9.75||2.4|
|Te||52||[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p4||9.01||2.1|