or

ask mattrab Visit www.askmattrab.com for more academic resources.

Relationship between Average Product(AP) and Marginal Product(MP)

Mp and ap

Average product is per unit product of the variable factor. In other words, average product is obtained by dividing total product by the total units of variable factor used. Thus,
AP= TP/L
Where,
AP= Average Product 
TP= Total Product
L= Labour 

Marginal Product is the change in the total product due to change in the variable facto. In other words, marginal product is the addition to the total product by the employment of an additional unit of variable factor.
MP= TPn - TPn-1 
Where,
MP= Marginal Product
n= Number of labour units
TP= Total Product 

The relationship between AP and MP can be explained with the help of the following table and figure :


Units of Labour(L)Total Product(TP)Average Product(AP)Marginal Product(MP)
0000
1101010
2301520
3602030
4802020
5901810
690150
78011.4-10
  As shown in the above table and figure, the relationship between AP and MP can be summarized as,
i. When MP > AP ,AP is rising.
ii. When MP = AP , AP is at its maximum.
iii. When MP < AP, AP is falling. 
iv. MP may be positive , negative, or zero but AP is always positive.
v. When MP is rising , AP must rise but when MP is falling, AP may rise or fall.