Before we start this chapter off, I want you to know that this chapter is literally related to "direct and indirect speech".
Reporting is basically the act of giving a spoken or written account of something that one has observed.
Now if you know about direct and indirect speech, it is used to describe an event that has already taken place, and it very often involves repeating what someone else has said.
Since this chapter is only about reporting "statements" I will be giving examples using "statements" rather than questions or orders.
---- Direct Speech ----
Direct speech is simply just repeating what the other person said in it's original form... for eg.
It is very often enclosed in double quotation marks.
---- Indirect Speech ----
Indirect speech is way of reporting what someone said in the past using your own words instead of what was originally used. eg :
---- Key terms ----
Using the example : Uraashna said "I want to play" , below are some terms that separate the sentence into different parts :
Reporting speech : It's the first part of the speech. ( Uraashna said )
Reported speech : the second part enclosed in quotation marks : ( I want to play )
Reporting verb : This of course, is the verb of the reporting speech. ( said )
Reported verb : And lastly, this is the verb in the reported speech. ( play )
___ Changes in Pronouns ___
First - Person Pronouns : Always changed according to the subject in reported speech.
Second - Person Pronouns : Always changed according to the object in reported speech.
Third - Person Pronouns : Not changed at all.
More Examples :