1. Hydroelectric power (hydropower) systems convert the kinetic energy in flowing water into electric energy.
2. Falling or flowing water turns a propeller like piece called a turbine.
3.The turbine turns a metal shaft in an electric generator which produces electricity.
- How a Hydroelectric Power System Works?
- Flowing water is directed at a turbine.
- The flowing water causes the turbine to rotate, converting the water’s kinetic energy into mechanical energy.
- The mechanical energy produced by the turbine is converted into electric energy using a turbine generator. Inside the generator, the shaft of the turbine spins a magnet inside coils of copper wire.
- It is a fact of nature that moving a magnet near a conductor causes an electric current.
- 1.No fuel required
- 2.No air pollution
- 3.Can easily work during high peak daily load
- 4.Prevents floods
1.Disrupts the aquatic ecosystems
- 2.Disruption of surrounding areas
- 3. Requires large areas
- 4.Large scale human displacement