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  1. As this American-Indian poet has written this poem as protest literature he didn’t think that the standard of grammar would be in top priority than that of his emotions he had to express. There can be some grammatical distortion which can be pointed out. 

             First letter of any word in any sentences must be capitalized. But, the poem fails to use this formula and the pronoun 'I’ and also the first letter of word after the full stop has not been capitalized. Similarly, it lacks the use of coma (,) in 1st sentence after 'mile away’. In addition to that, 2nd sentence of poem itself isn’t complete. Hence, it shows the grammatical distortion in the poem.


  2. The main idea of the poem, "Grandmother" by Ray Young Bear, an American poet, is love and reminiscence. The poem introduces the theme of love dipped in reverence for speaker's grandmother. At the same time he has the feeling of loss towards his grandmother as he hypothesizes the shape, voice, hands of his dead grandmother. To be precise, the poem is about the love and reminiscence of the speaker towards his dead grandmother whom he finds all-loving and all-inspiring. The speaker expresses his love towards his grandmother by painting her picture in the poem. He still has the fresh memory of his grandmother, thus sketches her lively portrait in the poem. We see, feel and hear the poet's grandmother along with him. To another level of reading the poem, we find the speaker exploring into his own identity as a Red-Indian poet, Ray Young Bear is conscious of his past. Thus, the grandmother becomes an instrument to drive him into his past the time of harmony. Symbolically, the poet connects us to the oldest part of the earth. The phrase 'a voice coming from the rock and the smell of root' is a point in case.

    Source: Old Is Gold


  3. The speaker gives a loving, caring and inspiring impression of his grandmother in the poem, 'Grandmother". The poet transmits the loving and caring impression by describing her shape. If the poet didn't love his grandmother he wouldn't know her quickly from a distance. He would even forget the type of scarf she puts on and the bag she carries. Moreover, he wouldn't even remember her words even after she passed away. Similarly, the warm and damp hands he remembers indicates that he had a lovely relation with this grandmother. She perhaps would caress him with love on his forehead after she returned back from the field. Again, the soothing and inspiring impression is seen evident when he says her words would flow inside him like the stirring ashes from the sleeping fire at night. More symbolically, we can also find the poet writing about such a grandmother's impression who would guide and inspire him for the exploration of the identity of his own tribe. The grandmother described in the poem is not a naive old woman but a great source of past that leads him to tread into his better future. Thus, the impression that the poet gives of his grandmother is not as simple as it appears to be. It gives an impression of American Indian grandmothers who always inspire people for their identity.

    Source: Old Is Gold


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